Stolpen CastleThe fateful years of a mistress
A fortress of roughly cut timbers is said to have stood here already in the year 1100, where today Stolpen Castle greets the visitor. The following centuries saw much light but even more shadow, for Stolpen was to suffer greatly in the storms of European feuds. But the castle was not to achieve fame through war and catastrophes, but instead through intrigues at the Saxon court to which Stolpen Castle owes its most famous and lasting resident.
For almost half a century, until her death in 1765, Anna Constantia Countess von Cosel was to remain banished behind its walls. The long-time mistress of Augustus the Strong and mother of three of his children had made enemies due to her apparent interference in political affairs and eventually was to become a victim of her princely bedmate.
The stone on which the castle is built is as hard as the fate suffered by Countess Cosel. Basalt, which forms the base of the fortress, was first described by scientists here in Stolpen. The characteristic stone of the castle mountain, as well as the deepest, unsupported basalt well in the world carry the status of a national geotope.